Communication & Interaction

At Brough Primary School we make provision for children with Special Educational Needs and/or Disability within each of the four categories defined in the 2015 SEND Code of Practice (para 6.28 – 6.35):

• Communication and Interaction

• Cognition and Learning

• Social, Emotional and Mental Health

• Sensory and/or Physical

It is not uncommon that children may have SEND that falls into one or more of the above categories

Communication and Interaction needs

Children with SEND may need extra help due to a range of different needs. The purpose of identifying the area of need(s) of the child is not to fit them into a category but rather to consider the child’s needs as a whole and help ensure that the school can plan adequate provision.

Children with speech, language and communication needs may have difficulty making sense of language or in communicating their needs and wants to others. Some children may need support developing fluency or forming sounds, words and sentences. They may also have difficulties in social situations as they do not understand the social rules of communication. These needs can change over time and a child may have difficulty with one, some or all of the different aspects of speech, language and social communication.

Children and young people with ASD, including Asperger’s Syndrome and Autism, are likely to have particular difficulties with social interaction. They may also experience difficulties with language, communication and imagination, which can impact on how they relate to others.

How does Brough Primary School support children with Communication and Interaction needs?

The school has a successful Speech and Language support program. Where 1-1 development of speech and language skills is led by teaching assistants who have additional training in Speech and Language and Social Communication. The school has a positive and effective working partnership with our NHS Mainstream Speech Therapists to successfully deliver specific programs of work. If children require it, sign language is taught, and the school encourages all children to learn basic signing. If a child is in need of an assessment by the Speech Therapist, it will be discussed with parents or carers.

Children who have been diagnosed with ASD or diagnosed with social and communication difficulties are supported through our SENCO, Speech and Language Learning Support Assistants and through quality first teaching within the classroom.

At Brough Primary School we have a sensory room and quiet rooms which can be used by all children to develop a variety of skills, but which ultimately enriches the provision for children with sensory impairment such as Autism, ADHD, and EBD.

The rooms have a variety of uses and benefits for all children. They provide relaxation activities, visual, tactile and auditory stimulation through the use of a bubble tubes/ projectors. Language development, anger management, speech therapy, hand/eye co-ordination and gross/fine motor skills can all be developed using the room.

We work closely with our attached Educational Psychologist and other agencies to identify and support children’s learning. Please refer to out SEN Information report for more information.

For more information, please see the SEND Policy and the SEND Information report.

Useful websites

Link to National Autistic Society – www.autism.org.uk – The National Autistic Society website, the main UK charity for supporting people with ASD and their families (contains lots of useful advice and resources)

www.communication4all.co.uk/ – Resources to support Inclusion, EYFS and Visuals

www.attentionautism.com – For more information on Attention Autism and how you can support your child to develop attention and turn-taking skills.

www.widgit.com/resources – Symbolled resources for different topics and areas of life, including resources for fire safety and about visiting the doctors/dentists.

www.autismuk.com – Lots of information on ASD

www.autismspeaks.org – A comprehensive site, with a useful resource library

www.downs-syndrome.org.uk – Advice and support, including booklets to help with independent toileting, sleeping and managing behaviour.

www.oneplaceforspecialneeds.com/main/library_social_stories.html – A useful set of social stories to share with children, covering topics ranging from coping with a new baby in the family to getting a haircut to making friends. The National Autistic Society website also provides guidance on writing your own personalised social stories.

‘Currently, pupils, including disadvantaged pupils, develop good skills and knowledge in reading,
mathematics and a wide range of subjects. ’

OFSTED comments

‘Pupils participate in competitive sports, such as cross-country, squash and football, as well as winning local dance competitions.’

OFSTED comments

‘The school’s enhanced provision for those pupils who have special educational needs (SEN) and/or disabilities is a strength of the school,’

OFSTED comments

‘Pupils take part in
visits to places of interest that then contribute
very well to their learning.’

OFSTED comments

‘Astute use of professional development and support for staff has resulted in good teaching.’

OFSTED comments

‘Governors make a strong contribution to the development of the school.’

OFSTED comments

‘The special educational needs coordinator identifies the needs of pupils very accurately and makes sure strong provision is in place to meet pupils’ needs.’

OFSTED comments

‘Teachers assess pupils’ work accurately and use their good subject knowledge to plan
interesting tasks that engage pupils well.’

OFSTED comments

‘The curriculum offers many exciting opportunities for learning.’

OFSTED comments

‘Parents value the school’s work highly. They believe the school is well led and indicate that the new headteacher has improved the school and that staff are supporting their children well.’

OFSTED comments

‘An analysis of pupils’ work by inspectors showed good gains in knowledge, skills and
understanding in reading, mathematics and a wide range of subjects.’

OFSTED comments

‘Teachers’ skilful questioning is used well, especially in guided reading and in mathematics to deepen pupils’ learning.’

OFSTED comments

‘Teachers ask supplementary questions to make sure that pupils have a full understanding of the work they are doing and are making good progress. ‘

OFSTED comments

‘Pupils make a good contribution to their learning.’

OFSTED comments

‘Pupils engage effectively in learning and enjoy school.’

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‘The school promotes spiritual, moral, social and cultural education very well.’

OFSTED comments

‘Pupils study a wide range of subjects and have a good range of additional activities to
broaden their experiences.’

OFSTED comments

‘The extra funding for those pupils who have SEN and/or disabilities is used highly
effectively.’

OFSTED comments

‘The headteacher and governors have high expectations of staff and pupils.’

OFSTED comments

‘The enhanced provision, The Bridge, is making a significantly positive contribution to pupils’ ability to self-manage their needs.’

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‘All pupils spoken to say they are safe in school and they enjoy school.’

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‘The primary school physical education and sports funding is used very well.’

OFSTED comments

‘There is full engagement by the school in a local sports partnership. Pupils say that they
enjoy sport.’

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‘School leaders
and governors are passionate about pupils’ achievement and personal development. ‘

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‘Staff morale is high and there is a shared sense of purpose and a desire for all pupils to
achieve their full potential.’

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‘Children settle quickly into Reception and make good progress because of good leadership and
good teaching.’

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‘The headteacher has made sure that senior leaders, and middle leaders, have had very
effective training’

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‘The local authority has a clear picture of the development of the school and has supported this school securely on its journey of improvement.’

OFSTED comments

‘Parents and carers have a very high level of confidence in the work of the school.’

OFSTED comments

‘Pupils are pleasant,
polite and respectful. Attendance is above
average.’

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